As outlined in the NIH Guide Notice Supplemental Policy Information: Allowable Costs for Data Management and Sharing, NIH recognizes that making data accessible and reusable for other researchers may incur costs.
For that reason, investigators may request funds toward data management and sharing in the budget and budget justification sections of their applications.
The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine has developed a resource "Forecasting Costs for Preserving, Archiving, and Promoting Access to Biomedical Data" that may be useful when budgeting for data management and sharing costs.
NIH Budgeting for Data Management and Sharing
Information on what data sharing related costs may be requested in an application for NIH funding.
Project-Based and Institutional Cost Considerations: Budgeting & Costing
This document from COGR presents points for institutions to consider when identifying, budgeting, and reviewing costs related to data management and sharing. The document illustrates the issue of a single line-item approach to budgeting DMS costs and provides possible approaches institutions may consider.