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MSN/DNP Online Orientation Guide: Finding Literature

Information covered in the online orientation for the MSN and DNP programs.

Formulating a Clinical Question


The PICO model can be used to create the clinical question that will be the basis of your search strategy. For nurses, the "T" can be added to the end, but it is not required for the model to be useful.

P the patient or problem being addressed
I the intervention or exposure being considered
C the comparison intervention or exposure, when relevant
O the clinical outcomes of interest
T time it takes for intervention to achieve the outcome(s)

Melnyk, B. M., Fineout-Overholt, E., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010). Evidence-based practice: step by step: the seven steps of evidence-based practice: AJN, American Journal of Nursing110(1), 51–53.