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All professors have different expectations about the length and contents of annotations. Be sure to check the assignment sheet or ask your professor what s/he requires for your annotated bibliography.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and other sources used while researching a topic. Bibliographies may be also be called "References" or "Works Cited," depending on the style manual used.
An annotation is a summary or evaluation.
An annotated bibliography is a bibliography with annotations for the items cited.
Descriptive annotations focus on describing the cited items and may include information such as:
- Contents and purpose of work
- Intended audience
- Research methods used
- Author's conclusions
- Special features of the item, such as illustrations, maps, graphs, etc.
Evaluative (or critical) annotations focus on evaluating the source and may include information such as:
- Importance of the work's contributions to the field of study
- Author's qualifications
- Accuracy of information
- Limitations of the work
- Bias or tone of the work
- Comparsion with other works
Understanding the Annotated Bibliography
APA and MLA Annotated Bibliographies (Video)