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Honors Program Research Guide: Primary vs Secondary Sources
Information in its original form when it first appears
Information has not been published anywhere else, or put into a context, interpreted, filtered, condensed, or evaluated by anyone else.
original research (the first publication of a scientific study)
letters between two people
historical documents such as the US Constitution
Information that restates, rearranges, examines, or interprets information from one or more primary sources
newspaper or magazine articles that draw upon multiple eyewitness accounts or previous news coverage of an event
articles reporting on a scientific study published elsewhere
a review of a book
Remember that for many primary documents, such as Euclid's and Archimedes' writings or the letters from Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, we are not going to have the original documents. However, we may have reprints, or the documents may be included in an anthology.
Indentifying Primary & Secondary Sources
For questions or help, contact the Marx Library at: