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Common Read/Common World: So You've Been Publicly Shamed: Articles on Shaming

Researching Shame

Shame can be difficult to research as a lot of terms besides "shame" can be used. Try other terms such as "guilt, "bullying," "harass," "stigma," and "blame." All of these terms are very broad, however, so try combining one of these words with a subject you are interested in. Example: masks AND bullying.


Anne S.Y. Cheung. (2014). Revisiting Privacy and Dignity: Online Shaming in the Global E-Village. Laws, 3(2), 301–326.

Aitchison, G., & Meckled-Garcia, S. (2021). Against Online Public Shaming: Ethical Problems with Mass Social Media. Social Theory & Practice, 47(1), 1–31.

Billingham, P. and Parr, T. (2020), Online Public Shaming: Virtues and Vices. J. Soc. Philos., 51: 371-390.

Chan, J. (n.d.). Online Public Shaming is Here to Stay - Here's What You Can Do About It. Linkfluence.

Gallardo, K. L. (2017). Taming the Internet Pitchfork Mob: Online Public Shaming, the Viral Media Age, and the Communications Decency Act. Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, 19(3), 721–746.

Kämerer, A. (2019). The Scientific Underpinnings and Impacts of Shame. Scientific American Mind, 30(6), 41–44.

Max, D.T. (2020). The Shaming PandemicNew Yorker, 96 (29), 28-33.: Covid-19 and public shaming.

Meinch, T. (2021). When Shame Goes Viral. Discover, 42(2), 38–45.

Penny, L. (2015). In the Red. New Statesman, 144(5264), 22–23.

Smith, A., & Duggan, M. (2018, January 4). Crossing the Line: What Counts as Online Harassment? Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech.

Tait, A. (2018). The shaming of a 14-year-old schoolgirl exposed everything that’s terrible about the internet. New Statesman, 147(5421), 38.

COVID-19, Mask, and Vaccine Shaming

Abhishek Singh, Ram Kumar Panika, Vikas Gupta, Pawan Kumar Goel, Rakesh Kumar Mahore, & Mansi Singal. (2020). Social perception and practices of households regarding mask use in public places during COVID-19 postquarantine period. BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences, 5(2), 209–215.

Cato,S., T. Iida, K. Ishida, A. Ito, K.M. McElwain, M. Shoji. (2020). Social distancing as a public good under the COVID-19 pandemic, Public Health,188, 51-53. Discusses whether shame encourages people to socially distance

Kluger, J. (2021). The Psychology of Influence. TIME Magazine, 197(13/14), 18–19.

La Ganga, M. L. (2021, May 8). Fat shaming, BMI and alienation: COVID-19 brought new stigma to large-sized people. Los Angeles Times (CA).

Murphy, Tom. Social Media and COVID Shaming: Fighting a Toxic Combination. AP NEWS, Associated Press, 26 Sept. 2020.

Prosser, A. M. B., Judge, M., Bolderdijk, J. W., Blackwood, L., & Kurz, T. (2020). “Distancers” and “non‐distancers”? The potential social psychological impact of moralizing COVID‐19 mitigating practices on sustained behaviour change. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(3), 653–662.

Silverman, R. D., & Wiley, L. F. (2017, December 22). Shaming Vaccine Refusal. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45(4), 569.

Women and Shame

Almazan, V. A., & Bain, S. F. (2015). College Students’ Perceptions of Slut-Shaming Discourse on Campus. Research in Higher Education Journal, 28.

Armstrong, E. A., Hamilton, L. T., Armstrong, E. M., & Seeley, J. L. (2014). “Good Girls”: Gender, Social Class, and Slut Discourse on Campus. Social Psychology Quarterly, 77(2), 100–122.

Jones, A. (2016, April 29). The Fight to End Period Shaming Is Going Mainstream; Women around the world are changing laws, mores and technology to make menstruation safer, cheaper and more a part of everyday life, after centuries of silence. Newsweek, 166(16).

Papp, L. J., Erchull, M. J., Liss, M., Waaland-Kreutzer, L., & Godfrey, H. (2017). Slut-shaming on Facebook: Do Social Class or Clothing Affect Perceived Acceptability? Gender Issues, 34(3), 240.

Waldman, A. E. (2019). Sexual Harassment Online: Shaming and Silencing Women in the Digital Age. American Journal of Sociology, 124(6), 1946–1948

Body Shaming

Hopson, C. R. (2019). Not Tragically Fat! On Shame. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 40(3), 177–179

Farah Fathi. (2012). Why Weight Matters in Social Work: Addressing Body Shaming in the Social Justice Community. Columbia Social Work Review, 23–36.

Hebl, M. R., & Turchin, J. M. (2005). The Stigma of Obesity: What About Men? Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 27(3), 267–275.

La Ganga, M. L. (2021, May 8). Fat shaming, BMI and alienation: COVID-19 brought new stigma to large-sized people. Los Angeles Times (CA).

Nath, R. (2019). The injustice of fat stigma. Bioethics, 33(5), 577–590.

Wilhelm, H. (2018). The Shame Game. National Review, 70(2), 44.

Sexuality, Gender and Shame

Cadwell Steve. (2009). Shame, Gender, and Sexuality in Gay Men’s Group Therapy. Group, 33(3), 197–212.

Edwards, M. (2018). Gender, Shame, and the Pantsuit. Hypatia, 33(3), 571–577.

Fitch, C. H., & Nazaretian, Z. (2019). Examining gender differences in reintegrative shaming theory: the role of shame acknowledgment. Crime, Law & Social Change, 72(5), 527–546.

Hackman, C. L., Pember, S. E., Wilkerson, A. H., Burton, W., & Usdan, S. L. (2017). Slut-Shaming and Victim-Blaming: A Qualitative Investigation of Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions of Sexual Violence. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 17(6), 697–711.

Langer, S. J. (2016). Trans Bodies and the Failure of Mirrors. Studies in Gender & Sexuality, 17(4), 306–316.

McDermott Elizabeth, Roen Katrina, & Scourfield Jonathan. (2008). Avoiding Shame: Young LGBT People, Homophobia and Self-Destructive Behaviours. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 10(8), 815–829.

Ringrose, J., & Renold, E. (2012). Slut-Shaming, Girl Power and “Sexualisation”: Thinking through the Politics of the International SlutWalks with Teen Girls. Gender and Education, 24(3), 333–343.