APA (American Psychological Association) style is commonly used in the social sciences. The APA released a 6th edition of their publication manual in 2010, which contains many updates from the previous edition.
The APA Style Manuals are available in the Marx Library for students to use. The manuals may not be checked out or removed from the library. Please visit the Reference Desk on the second floor to gain access to a manual.
You can also schedule an appoint with the USA Writing Center, where you receive help with using proper APA format.
Page numbers refer to the relevant page in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
Book (p. 203):
Takahashi, S. (2009). The manga guide to statistics. San Francisco, CA: No Starch Press.
Book chapter in an anthology (p. 204):
Vessey, D. (2001). Hey-diddley-ho neighboreenos: Ned Flanders and neighborly love. In W. Irwin, M. T. Conrad, & A. J. Skoble (Eds.),
The Simpsons and philosophy (pp. 202-214). Chicago, IL: Open Court.
Article in a reference book (p. 203):
Chapman, R. (2000). GI Joe. In T. Pendergast & S. Pendergast (Eds.), St. James encyclopedia of popular culture (Vol. 2, pp. 229-230).
Detroit, MI: St. James Press.
Journal article with DOI (p. 198):
Shepherd, L. & Kuczynski, A. (2009). The use of emotive imagery and behavioral techniques for a 10-year-old boy's nocturnal fear
of ghosts and zombies. Clinical Case Studies, 8(2), 99-112. doi:10.1177/1534650108329664
Journal article with no DOI listed (p. 199):
Mabry, R., & Deiermann, P. (2009). Of cheese and crust: A proof of the pizza conjecture and other tasty results.
American Mathematical Monthly, 116(5), 423-438.
Deno, S. (1985). Curriculum-based measurement: The emerging alternative.
Exceptional Children,52(3), 219-232. Retrieved from http://www.cec.sped.org
Magazine article - accessed online (p. 200):
Kushner, D. (2009, September). Tricked-out golf carts swarm Florida communities. Wired 17(10). Retrieved from
Magazine article - accessed in print (p. 200):
Reyes, P. (2010, August). Paradise swamped: The boom and bust of the middle-class dream. Harper's Magazine, 321(1923), 39-48.
Newspaper article - accessed online (p. 200):
Kepner, T. (2004, October 21). Back from dead, Red Sox bury Yanks and go to series. The New York Times. Retrieved from
Newspaper article - accessed in print (p. 200):
Itzkoff, D. (2010, July 20). Banned TV episode has its day on DVD. The New York Times, pp. C1, C5.
Entire website (ref.):
To cite an entire website, give the URL of the site in the text of your paper. It is not necessary to put cite it in the references section. Only include retrieval dates for sites that change frequently, such as wikis.
Example: The APA style website gives examples of references (http://apastyle.org).
Article on a website (ref.):
Welch, C. (2009, September 9). Web goes nuts for 'crasher squirrel.' Retrieved from
Article from an online reference work (p. 205):
Boondoggle. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/boondoggle