The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the Federal agency for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks.
For a description of the differenty types of patents, see http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/types-patents.html
The Alabama Securities Commission (ASC) regulates the securities industry in Alabama. The Commission is committed to protect investors against securities fraud and provides aggressive enforcement actions against any firm or individual who has violated the Alabama Securities Act or other state and federal statutes to the detriment of Alabama investors. The Alabama Securities Act provides for the licensing and regulation of securities broker-dealers, agents, investment advisers and investment adviser representatives, and financial planners.