You won't go anywhere without a topic. Choosing a good topic makes a huge difference in how well your writing process will go. A good topic meets the requirements of the assignment, intrigues you, and leads to an interesting thesis statement that can be supported by reputable sources.
Sometimes your topic will be defined by the assignment, but often you'll need to pick a specific topic that falls under a wider heading, such as a current controversial issue.
Step 1: Get Ideas
Step 2: Get Background Information to Focus Your Topic
Step 3: Identify Search Terms and Strategy